Dr. Stanley Biber was a pioneer of transsexual surgery. Over the course of his career, Biber has performed Gender/Sexual Reassignment Surgery (GRS/SRS) of 5,000 male-to-female (MTF) operations and 800 female-to-male (FTM) operations to help people with what is known as “gender dysphoria” or “gender identity disorder”. He transformed their bodies to match the gender they believe they were born to be. He practiced medicine in Trinidad for 15 years doing everything from treating colds, delivering children and performing surgeries. But his professional life took a new direction in 1969 after a social worker acquaintance dropped by his office and asked “”Can you do my surgery?”. “What kind of surgery?” Biber asked. “I’m a transsexual.” She replied, “What’s that?” Biber didn’t even know what a transsexual was. It turned out that the social worker was really a man who had been undergoing hormone treatments that soften skin, redistribute fat and cause breasts to develop in preparation for a sex change operation. After seeking advice from Dr. Harry Benjamin, a pioneer in transsexual research, and examining hand drawn diagrams sent to him from Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore that detailed the procedure for transforming a man’s genitals into a woman’s, Biber performed his first sex change operation. At the height of his practice performing up to 4 of these procedures each week was not at all unusual. As time moved on he even began performing the female to male (FTM) procedure. Featured frequently on television and in newspapers, the doctor’s work earned the town a reputation as “the sex-change capital of the world.” While performing all these surgeries he continued to carry his regular practice until his death.
Biber performed his last sex change surgery in 2003 and he was abruptly forced to stop because he couldn’t get insurance. But his legacy as a pioneer in the field of transsexual surgery has earned him a place in the history books including the Guinness Book of World Records, in the annals of medicine and in the hearts of his patients.
For a male to female (MTF) operation, the testicles are removed, as well as the spongy tissue inside the penis. The urethra is shortened and placed in a female anatomical position, and an opening about 6 inches deep is made in the perineum and lined with skin from the penis so that it can act as a vagina. Nerve endings remain undamaged during the procedure. The empty scrotum is then fashioned into labia, the Adam’s apple is reduced by shaving cartilage from the larynx, and breasts are often augmented with implants. For a female to male (FTM) operation, the breasts are reduced and the ovaries and uterus removed. A penis is crafted by cutting a flap of skin from the abdomen and shaping it into a tube. Using intricate micro surgical techniques, the clitoris and other nerve endings can be incorporated into the end of the phallus. Silicone implants are placed inside the labia skin to simulate a scrotum. This procedure takes several stages to complete and it is still considered experimental.
by:Let’s Explore & Learn